The 2022 CHIPS act was officially passed by the US government in 2022. The semiconductor manufacturing capacity located in the U.S. global share decreased from 1990 at 37% to 2021 at 12%. The 2021 automotive, appliance and other industry chip shortages due to the COVID-19 shutdown revealed the United States' huge reliance on possible “non-friendly” supplier countries.
The CHIPS Act spends an estimated $280 billion over a span of ten years. $200 billion for scientific R&D and commercialization, $53 billion for semiconductor manufacturing, R&D, and workforce development, $24 billion for 25% investment tax credits for chip production, and $3 billion for technology and wireless supply chains. Congress wants US companies to build cleanrooms in the USA for semiconductor manufacturing instead of outsourcing to cleanrooms in foreign countries. We are also seeing foreign semiconductor manufacturers planning new USA based cleanrooms to get US government funding.
The 2022 CHIPS Act makes $39 billion available over 5 years to fund domestic manufacturing, including $19 billion immediately for the fiscal year of 2022. Manufacturer's must be "a private entity, a consortium of private entities, or a consortium of public and private entities with a demonstrated ability to substantially finance, construct, expand, or modernize a facility relating to fabrication, assembly, testing, advanced packaging, or research and development of semiconductors." Facility equals – modular cleanroom! These entities are also eligible for the 25% investment tax credit.